HomeDIY CraftWhat Happens if My Plant Has Early Blooms?

What Happens if My Plant Has Early Blooms?

From cherry blossoms in December to spring bulbs in January, I’ve seen some flowers bloom exceptionally early. Even if you’ve seen some early flowering, you may be concerned about what effect this will have on your plant when it inevitably gets cold again. Here’s all you need to know about early blooming flowers.

What if my plant blooms early: crocus flowers with snow

It’s been a strange winter here in Vancouver. For a while, we faced extreme cold. Then soon, it warms up and becomes bright and sunny…only to cool down again.

I saw cherry blossoms in December – which usually don’t occur until late February.

I am confused. Plants are confused. We are all confused.

All over the world we are seeing extremes. So it’s no surprise that I’m seeing a lot of questions from gardeners about what happens to their plants if they flower early.

If you are concerned about early blooming flowers, join me as we take a look at the plant life cycle What will happen to your plants if they grow a little early?

Why do plants bloom early?

It is becoming increasingly difficult for some people (I will not name names) to deny that the climate is changing. We’ll see very unusual things happen with the weather and plants will respond to that.

Some areas are experiencing long periods of drought, while others are experiencing heavy rainfall. We may get severe cold, but these are becoming less frequent as these mild winters settle in upon us.

Because of these temperatures, we are seeing longer growing periods with earlier last frost dates and later first frost dates., In America, the growing season has begun increased by more than two weeks than the early 20’sth century in 48 states. Average bloom time in Britain 26 days ago Compared to the 1980s.

Plants are getting the message loud and clear. They are responding best to climate, one of which is early flowering.

As the climate is changing, the plants are also changing. Anything that is perennial, such as trees, shrubs, perennials and bulbs, will continue to grow. Only the strongest plants will survive.

The next generation of plants will create their future. Due to climate change, plants will become more hardy in these conditions. The weak may not be able to do it, but the strong ones succeed.

Apple flowers are early blooming flowers
Apple trees are one of the first trees to bloom in spring.

life cycle of a plant

It is always important to consider the life cycle of a plant, just as we do in pruning. Most plants go dormant in winter by dropping leaves, stopping flowering and devoting their energy to the root system.

This applies to most plants, such as perennials, trees, bulbs and even our edible vegetable plants.

When growing seedlings early, remember that very little of the plant’s total energy goes above the soil line.

If it gets cold again and the plant is damaged, most of it is still protected under the soil. There may be some damage to the plant material above, but everything else should be fine.

There may be some crooked leaves and fewer flowers. She may not be looking her best. But know that she looks beautiful under the soil and will survive just fine.

Put your trust in plants. Observe, but try not to worry. There’s not much you can do—it’s in the plant’s hands!

What happens to early blooming perennials?

Perennial plants perk up early when they see signs of spring. But once it freezes again, the plant’s energy will go back into the root system.

The plant has not fully grown above the soil, but IIt may still suffer some damage to the upper part of the plant, It is rare that any damage will go to the root.

The soil is highly insulating and will help maintain a temperature suitable for the plant. If you put it in the right place, that is.

Rhododendron bud in the snow
Snow on rhododendron leaves and buds.

early blooming flowers on trees

usually, The leaf buds on the trees will be fine. At the beginning of the season when it is cold, trees put out many leaf buds. If they lose some, the tree will be fine.

However, flower buds do not bounce back so easily.

This year, cherry blossoms bloomed unusually early in Vancouver due to the mild winter. My guess is that they won’t flower as abundantly this spring. Since they tried to flower early, they probably won’t flower again.

Cherry blossoms are early bloomers
Cherry blossom trees in Vancouver.

early flowering of flower bulbs

Bulbs are very impervious to this swing of hot and cold temperatures. The bulbs store all their energy beneath the soil. Within the bulb, there is enough energy for the plants to grow before the spring sun.

When it feels right the sprouts will start sprouting. Generally, most bulbs don’t mind the cold. Some, like snowdrops and crocuses, even thrive in snow. The bulbs have very strong roots which helps them bounce back in cold conditions.

Seedlings may die if cold increases again. But that’s okay. In the end, you may be left with fewer bulbs that will be less strong and not as strong. This is more likely if late bloom has occurred and most of the plant has already grown.

Crocus blooming as early blooming flowers in sedum
Crocus bulbs thrive in cool temperatures.

Dealing with freezing of vegetables

Some vegetables don’t mind cold temperatures. Imagine you didn’t cover your Swiss chard or kale, and it froze so much that it withered and died back instead of getting sweeter (which is what we all hope would happen).

Those vegetables start growing again. They may not grow back like before, but anything under the soil will be fine.

So your root vegetables, like parsnips, beets, or carrots, will do great below the soil, even if the cold damages the leaves above the soil.

Swiss Chard Garden Marker
Swiss chard is quite hardy compared to other vegetables.

FAQs About Dealing with Early Blooms

What happens if my garlic blooms in early fall?

We plant garlic in the fall (I always do this around Halloween). Sometimes, you may plant it a little early or have a warmer fall than usual, and the garlic will sprout in the fall.

The garlic will die back when it freezes. But don’t worry; Garlic will start the whole process again in the spring.

You can also plant garlic with shoots growing on it, like when you buy them a little late. This will not have any effect on your garlic overall.

Yes, there is a gold standard when it comes to garlic. Garlic growers do not want the shoots to be affected by cold or any stress on the plant as this can affect the overall vigor of the plant.

But can you still get garlic? Absolutely.

What if it is delayed?

Let’s say spring has ended and summer has begun, and we suddenly have an unexpected cold snap. In this situation, the plant’s chances of survival will be reduced.

At this point, most of the energy the plant is putting out is now at the top of the plant, not below the soil where it is protected.

Most perennial plants will grow back, but the damage may be more significant if their seasonal growth is further reduced.

How are bees affected by first flowering plants?

Rising temperatures and early spring will mean bees will wake up earlier. It is estimated that they wake up five days earlier than they did twenty years ago.

With more species blooming at the same time than in the past, there is no longer such a constant, uniform supply of flowers for bees. This mismatch between the timing of flowers and when bees are active can endanger bees searching for food sources.

This will also reduce pollination of plants and their ability to reproduce and produce crops. Rising temperatures may also mean bees coming out earlier, but they need to adjust to the flowers to avoid being affected.

Why do some plants bloom earlier than others?

Each plant (or seed or bulb) will respond to different environmental factors, such as temperature, amount of sunlight, quality of light, and more.

As these conditions change, chemical production inside the plant triggers growth. In response, the plant will begin to grow new growth.

Many plants begin to grow when temperatures become warmer or days become longer. Each plant will have specific responses, some requiring higher temperatures or more light before they will grow. Others require less.

Similarly, cooler temperatures may tell the plant to redirect energy back to the roots, set seeds and die back in the fall.

More information on changing climate


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