Oils and lubricants are the most common substances found in any workshop or garage. Knowing and understanding the different types available and, more importantly, which one is right for your application is key to getting the job done right.
Keep reading to learn what the different types of oils and lubricants are and how to use them in your workplace.
What is the purpose of oil and lubricant?
The Oils and lubricants for industrial use The ones you find in workshops and garages are usually petroleum-based and are used to reduce friction between moving engine or component parts. This extends the longevity and durability of the equipment we use. Oil provides lubrication to the many moving parts of an engine, reducing friction to prevent damage and keep your engine running smoothly.
Types of Oils and Lubricants
motor oil A lubricant used in internal combustion engines, which power cars, motorcycles, lawnmowers, engine generators, and many other machines.
chopped oil It is primarily used in chainsaws and other mechanical tools and lubricates the chain while protecting it from premature or excessive wear.
Wood oil Limits dryness and protects against moisture, making it ideal for use on hardwood floors and woodworking in a workshop.
Lubricants reduce friction between two adjacent moving parts. Beyond friction reduction, lubricants can also provide thermal protection. Heat generated by friction is absorbed and transferred by the flowing lubricant. Lubricants can also be used to create a seal between the internal components of a machine and the external environment to prevent contamination. Different types of lubricants include:
Silicone lubricant Protects metals and plastics from rusting. It does not attract residue, dust or debris.
Graphite lubricants Has a very high penetration rate and is great for helping to loosen assembly parts like bolts and screws.
Teflon lubricant Protects against moisture and rust, softens rubber and can be used universally to loosen a tight fitting from a bicycle chain.
How to choose the best lubricant or oil for the job
While all manufacturing facilities rely on lubricants to keep operating, remember that not all lubricants are created equal. Choosing the wrong type can cause malfunctions and breakdowns in your machine, which can have a snowball effect and be very expensive to fix.
When selecting the best type of lubricant or oil for your application, consider these factors:
- What does lubricant do? – You should choose lubricants and oils that are clearly labeled to indicate how and under what conditions they are designed to perform.
- Ease of Use – The method of application will depend on what the lubricant or oil will be used for. An aerosol is very convenient for maintenance and small mechanical work and an automatic dispenser may be the best choice for larger processes.
- Cost – All oils and lubricants have an optimum lifespan and must be replaced once the expiry date has passed. If you have a machine that requires constant lubrication, you should consider its cost and how cost-effective it will be in the long run.