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The perennial garden is the gift that keeps on giving. You plant them once and enjoy them for years to come. While maintenance-free, dividing perennial plants is something you need to do every few years to keep them happy. Plus, you’ll get more free copies of Plants! Here’s everything you need to know about how to divide perennials.

The essential guide to dividing perennial plants

Perennials are wonderful garden plants. plants that are Firm enough to keep growing each year These are considered perennials in your garden, unlike annual plants that you need to replant every year.

Once established, they can be very low maintenance, providing beautiful flowers and even edible parts during the growing season.

Dividing perennial plants is often the only work needed to keep them in top shape. Partitioning helps keep perennial plants from overcrowding, keeps them within a designated space in the garden, and you can get more plants for free!

As perennial plants develop an established root system in the ground, they spread and form larger and larger clumps. Division helps improve aesthetics and blooms as well as protect against fungal diseases and insects.

If one of your perennial plants is underperforming, dividing may be the solution!

This post will cover…

Hosta next to concrete stairs in shady garden
Hostas split easily when the soil is really moist.

Rules of Thumb for Dividing Perennials

timing is everything. You Divide your plants when they are least stressed. This means you want to divide the plants after they’ve finished blooming for the year and just before they go dormant for the year.

This rule also applies to the time of day. Never divide a plant when it is hot outside. Wait for a good time to divide your perennial plants.

You’ll know they’re ready to divide when they’ve started to make a hole in the middle of the plant, curl over, or spread out too heavily for space.

Get Free Plants From Dividing Perennial Plants
If you don’t have room for your divisions yet, you can always keep them in a pot.

When is the best time to divide perennial plants?

When is the best time to divide perennial plants after they bloom and go dormant for the year, With the exception of iris and fall bloomers, most perennials will love dividing in fall and will thank you for it next year.

For your information, divide irises after they bloom in summer and divide deciduous perennials after they have finished flowering or the following spring.

Dividing perennial plants in the fall gives the plants more time for roots to develop firmly into the soil before the next gardening season.

Divide Perennial Plants When Plants Are Full and Lush before they show signs of congestion, As plants become crowded, the growth and performance of perennial plants is reduced. Centers may begin to die, or the entire plant may perform poorly as heuchera,

Heuchera plant that is smaller than the top but with a bid root ball, ready for division
The plant is almost ready to go into hibernation, and the new divisions will be nice and big in the spring.

Of course, do what you can and divide perennial plants when you have the opportunity, but if you notice that your plant is performing well but is starting to push the limits of the space, it may be time to divide the plant. It’s time to divide.

You can use the divisions elsewhere in the garden or give them to friends., Free Plants!

how to divide perennials
One plant turned into six!

how to divide perennials

If you’re splitting in the fall, finding a cool day shouldn’t be too difficult. The Best Time of Day to Divide Plants when the weather is not too hotBecause plants are more quickly established in the soil when they are not under stress.

remove the plant

Lift the plant from the soil with as little root damage as possible. imagine that Roots below equal the size of the plant above To understand how much spread there is.

Use a spade to start digging around the soil at the edge of where you think the roots are. Dig out the perimeter of the roots by running a spade around the root ball.

Insert the spade into the soil and try to lift the plant from under the roots by gently pushing the handle down and the spade head up. Do this around the circle until the perennial is easy to lift out of the soil.

Spade being pushed into soil with one foot, next to a perennial
Use your feet to help you gain leverage.

check root system

I find it convenient to have a large tarp or blanket to place large perennial roots on so that I can get a good look at what’s under there. Shake off the soil and look at the roots.

How many are confused? Are there any plants that look like they will fall apart easily?

use your hands or two garden forks To Gently separate the roots of plant divisions, If the roots are firmly entangled in bunches and it is difficult to separate them, you can use garden saw (keeping in mind that this can cause damage to the plant).

dividing perennials
Once you’ve removed the soil, it’s obvious where to separate the plant into two parts.

prepare soil

Prepare your garden soil for transplanting by adding compost and manure to the soil. remove any debris or diseased leaves turn the soil well So it remains healthy, light and well drained.

Finished compost collected in buckets
The compost will help nourish the soil, providing the newly divided plant with nutrients to grow again.

plant division

Plant a vigorous, healthy-looking part of the plant back into the space where you removed the big clump. Fill the area with soil and water thoroughly.

Leftovers can be planted immediately in the garden or given away in pots. The same rules apply regardless of whether the plants are being transplanted to other areas: Plant them in pots with healthy, rich soil mixed with compost and water well.

If any part of the plants does not look healthy, destroy them instead of planting them in the ground or in pots. Lots of healthy plants should be left, and you want to start them off on the right foot.

Dig Gautheria in a Pot to Share
The divisions may seem small now, but in the spring, they will quickly become large.

Frequently Asked Questions About Dividing Plants

Which is the best tool for dividing perennial plants?

You may need a few tools to divide perennial plants. First, use a shovel or spade; Just make sure it has a nice sharp edge to lift the root ball. A shovel may be sufficient to split the plant in two, or you may need to use saw Or clay knife To help divide the roots.

Dividing Perennial Plants to Create More Plants for Your Garden

More Perennial Gardening Fun

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